According to surveys conducted by relevant authorities on donkey-raising households in Dalian, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Zhengzhou, Taiyuan, Harbin, and other places, it can be concluded that donkeys can achieve better economic benefits in 3 years, and donkeys can earn 500 to 1,000 yuan each year. Relevant experts believe that the development of donkey farming in rural areas is a new way for farmers to shake off poverty and become rich.
The donkey is a grass-eating livestock, resistant to rough feeding, good adaptability, strong disease resistance, easy management, short gestation time, grazing and captivity, and is very suitable for farmers to raise. The feed sources for donkeys are wide, and there are not enough forages. They can also make full use of straw, grain processing waste, etc. as feed. Donkey meat is delicate and delicious. It is known as the "Dragon in the sky, the donkey on the ground" and is popular with consumers. In recent years, donkey meat is selling well in China, and foreign trade exports have always been optimistic. 1 donkey sells for 1500-2000 yuan. If processed into donkey canned meat, donkey donkey, steamed donkey meat, etc., it can increase 2-3 times. Donkey skin is widely used and is the raw material for the production of traditional Chinese medicine and light industry. The market has always been in short supply. The donkeys and donkeys of China's fine varieties are produced in Shaanxi, Shandong, Henan, Gansu, Shanxi and Liaoning provinces. Shaanxi Guanzhong donkey, Jiami donkey, Shandong Dezhou donkey, Henan Biyang donkey, Shanxi Guangling donkey and Hexi donkey have long enjoyed a good reputation. Especially in mountainous areas, semi-mountainous areas, and hilly areas, donkeys are a good helper for short-distance transport, picking, ploughing, and grinding of rice. According to animal husbandry experts, compared with raising pigs, raising cattle, and raising sheep, the risks of raising donkeys are smaller, investment is less, and the benefits are quick and the benefits are high. The meat donkey breeding technology is introduced as follows for reference.
Feeding donkeys is a herbivore. Its forage is preferably dry, hard, and crisp crop stalks. For example: The harder stalks such as corn, millet, and bean vines are cut into 3 to 4 cm long short-term donkeys by a rake. Mostly avoid feeding semi-dry, continuous forage, because this kind of forage is easy to make donkey suffering from knot disease (constipation). At the same time, supplemented with peas, corn, fried cotton, etc., or wheat bran, etc., fed once a day in the morning, the middle and late, with the late feeding. Each time when feeding, first add a single grass (ie, a single kind of straw) to allow the donkey to eat until it is fully fed, then feed the combined grass (that is, add the straw with a protein-containing forage such as alfalfa and bean vine). appetite. When the donkey has the performance to stop feeding, mix the grass again (that is, put the grass left in the bottom of the tank, add the whole grain feed such as peas, corn, and scrambled cotton seeds or add wheat bran and a small amount of water) to induce it to reach Maximum food intake.
Captive intensive meat donkey fattening. It's better to use ringworm feed. Above the loop, it can block the rain and it can cover the wind. In the ring, there is a food trough with edible grass. Each donkey should have enough food for 60-80cm. Between adult donkeys, according to the distance of the feeding position, set a strong fence to prevent the donkeys from harassing each other (the mixed breeds of male and female are more important).
Breeding the current intensive breeding of meat donkeys is still in its infancy, so the artificial breeding of meat-producing asses has not yet been promoted. For breeding, it is better to use a donkey with a larger body size, resistance to roughage, strong disease resistance, good adaptability, good reproductive performance, and high feed remuneration. The existing Shaanxi Guanzhong donkeys, Shandong Dezhou donkeys, Shanxi Guangling donkeys, and Yunnan donkeys are all excellent breeding options for donkey donkeys.
At present, most of the meat donkeys are bred and mated with the same species, and they can also be crossed with horses. Intensive breeding can use artificial insemination, and collecting elite donkey semen can facilitate large-scale breeding and accelerate the promotion and cultivation of improved varieties.
Disease prevention and treatment of meat donkey habits, compared to horses, cattle and other livestock more resistant to rough feeding. The resistance to disease is also strong, but it does not mean that the donkey is not sick. The meat donkey is like a horse and a horse. It is prone to infectious anaemia, epistaxis, and tetanus. Especially under intensive farming conditions, we must strictly implement the principle of â€œcombination of prevention with prevention and prevention,â€ and pay attention to environmental hygiene to prevent the occurrence of donkey disease.
To do a good job in disease prevention and treatment of meat donkeys, attention should be paid to the following points: (1) When meat donkeys are in the lower groove, they should be removed from the circle. Drink enough clean water and drink contaminated or dirty water. (2) Do a good job in health care. There is no overnight dung in the laps, and the food tank and drinking water tank should be regularly cleaned and sterilized. Circles should be built away from villages to prevent infection. (3) When the meat donkey enters or laps each time, especially after the service is over, it must be allowed to play several times (because rolling is the best way to rest a single hoofed animal). And one by one brushing, this will not only help clean the skin, but also promote blood circulation, strengthen physiological function, improve physical health, eliminate fatigue. (4) Always observe during feeding. Once found meat donkey has a discomfort state. There may be a reduction in food performance. It is imperative that the vet be dealt with immediately. It should not be ashamed and delay the timing of treatment. (5) Don't mix male and female donkeys to avoid biting and colliding with each other, resulting in accidental wounds and induce tetanus. At the same time, sexual harassment can cause miscarriage in the pregnant female animal. Therefore, when setting the food barrier, the guardrail is stronger and better. This is conducive to large-scale farming.
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