Yantai per capita daily salt intake exceeding 2 times less salt tips

On the morning of the 8th, the Yantai City Health Bureau and the Municipal Bureau of Commerce sponsored the “Daily Salt Reduction Campaign” organized by the Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The activities were carried out in the Yantai Jiashi Supermarket. Five teams from different communities took part in the competition. The interesting "salt reduction" knowledge is great.

At 9 a.m. on the 8th, five members of a family of three families from different communities were ready to send out at the current Jiashi Supermarket. At 10:00 in the morning, after the introduction of the rules by the live host, the five groups of families affixed their respective number plates and ran into the supermarket to start a stressful "search for salt" competition.

According to the rules of the competition, the five groups of families will seek out 5 kinds of salty foods within 8 minutes. It is estimated that the families with the lowest average salt content among the 5 kinds of foods will win.

During the 8-minute salt-seeking competition, the five groups of families used all the answers. Parents and children went into battle to search for food on the shelves and kept on top of the food element list to determine the food with the least salt content. With the end of the eight-minute period, five groups of families returned to the starting point of the game with their respective "trophies."

Afterwards, the organizers also conducted a knowledge quiz on "salt reduction" and "prevention of disease." Throughout the activity, staff members communicated to past pedestrians the “salt reduction” knowledge and prevention and treatment of diseases caused by excessive salt intake, and issued more than 100 copies of “half salt reduction prevention and control of hypertension” brochures and “Salt-controlling spoons. "Hundreds of copies.

Chen Yuanyin, director of the Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, told reporters that due to the influence of traditional dietary habits, the salt intake of our residents is much higher than the recommended value of 6 grams. According to the baseline survey of the provincial joint ministry of salt reduction prevention and control of hypertension in 2011, it was found that the average daily salt intake per person in Shandong Province was 12.5 grams, which was more than twice the recommended standard and far higher than the national average of 12 grams. . “High-salt dieters often suffer from unconsciously high blood pressure. Long-term high blood pressure can greatly increase the risk of coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and kidney disease. In addition to high blood pressure, high salt intake may also lead to overweight or Obesity, diabetes, stomach cancer, osteoporosis, kidney stones, asthma and other health problems." Chen Yuanyin said, "Normal people reduce salt intake, can prevent the occurrence of hypertension, reduce stroke, heart disease and chronic kidney disease The onset and mortality of patients with hypertension can reduce the intake of salt, which can improve the efficacy of hypertension treatment and reduce the incidence and death of stroke, heart disease and chronic kidney disease."

It is reported that if the daily salt intake of our residents is reduced by 6 grams per person, the systolic blood pressure of adults will drop by 5 mmHg on average, and the prevalence of hypertension will drop by 7 percentage points, which can reduce strokes by 24% and 18%. Heart disease can save more than 15 billion in direct medical costs in China. In addition, according to forecasts, if the average daily intake of residents in Shandong Province is controlled below 9 grams, 36,000 new cases of hypertension can be reduced each year, and the mortality rate of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases associated with hypertension can be reduced by 50%. Residents' life expectancy can be extended by 3-4 years.

The reporter found during the on-site interview that many people knew little about the extent of their daily intake of salt and how to control their intake. In this regard, Director Chen Yuanyin advises members of the public to roughly estimate the amount of daily salt intake in the family based on the initial food dates and the practical end dates when measuring their own salt intake. "In general soy sauce, the salt content is about 18%, and the salt content can also be calculated from this ratio." (Yu Yang)

The following methods can gradually reduce the amount of salt intake 1, when the method of adding salt: do not add salt when cooking or just put a very small amount of salt, when eating a small dish of salt on the table, you can eat with the increase, because The salt that has picked up on the surface of the food has not penetrated into the interior of the food, and its taste is very salty, thus playing the role of limiting salt.

2, with the fresh salt method: mushrooms, dried shrimps, seaweed, etc. with its own flavor, cooking can be less salt or even salt, the use of onion ginger garlic oil fragrant oil produced after the incense can also increase the flavor The palatability of food.

3, sweet and sour alternative: usually cook more sweet and sour dishes to reduce the amount of salt.

4, using salt control tools (salt spoon, salt cans): a person cooking with 2 grams of salt spoon to take salt, a spoonful of meals, 3 spoons a day; 2 people with 6 grams of salt spoon, each One spoonful a day, several spoonfuls of people use a few tablespoons, placed in a limited salt can, when cooking, salt from the salt in the salt cans, one day can be used up.

5, try to buy fresh food to make their own dishes, reduce the cooked food sold in food stores. Some foods with a sweet and sour taste contain a lot of salt, because adding a lot of sugar and vinegar will mask the salty taste, and they should be cautious about this type of food.

6, usually can use low sodium salt instead of ordinary salt, and pay attention to the purchase of their own home salt and the number of days of use, according to which control the daily salt consumption.

7, eat more potassium-rich foods, such as kelp, seaweed, fungus, yam, dried mushrooms, potatoes, etc., to offset the dangers of excessive sodium.

8, when shopping for food, pay attention to nutrition labels.

9, if necessary, separate processing of foods eaten by children, reduce the amount of salt added, let them develop the habit of light diet.

What are the "hidden salt" foods?

Seasoning: MSG, soy sauce, tomato sauce, sweet bean paste, chili sauce, fermented bean curd, etc.

Pickled products: pickles, pickles, salted eggs, etc.

Cooked meat products: sausage, sauce beef, ham, roast chicken, dried fish, hamburgers, etc.

Convenient and quick food: Instant noodles seasoning, frozen food, canned food, etc.

Snacks: desserts, ice cream, French fries, plum, dried fruit, dried meat and so on. Although they are mainly sweet, they also contain more salt.

What is a low salt food?

If there is less than or equal to 120 milligrams of sodium per 100 grams or 100 milliliters of food, the food can claim "low sodium" or "low salt."

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